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Oral surgery is a specialty that has come up to bridge the gap in the provision of oral complications that cannot be treated by a dentist. Some of these conditions include
The teeth may have been impacted which cannot be removed under normal surgery. This impacted tooth may fail to emerge through the gum during childhood or if they do, they are not properly aligned on the gum. It is a common occurrence in wisdom teeth also known as third molars. The operation to remove the impacted tooth is a delicate one requiring an oral surgeon to operate it.
There are also oral and maxillofacial surgeons who specialize in treating facial trauma. Facial trauma occurs when you suffer facial injuries that affect the facial bones, eye sockets, nerves, jaws and cheeks. These specialists will not only diagnose the facial trauma but also relieve the resultant pain and in particular the one associated with temporomandibular joint or TMJ in short. This kind of treatment can only be carried out by a professional who as over and above the normal degree in dentistry has undergone further 4-6 years training in facial trauma.
Reconstruction surgery is also carried out for cosmetic purposes by our able bodied oral surgeons. This reconstructive surgery is carried out to restore normalcy in the maxillofacial parts consisting of the skin, nerves, bone. The parts of the body involved in the reconstruction are mostly the jaws and the face.
Orthognathic surgery is usually carried out to even out the regularizes found in the jaw. The jaw in particular may require three types of surgery, namely: the upper jaw (maxillary osteotomy), lower jaw (mandible osteotomy) and the chin surgery (genioplasty). We shall look at them in deeper details.
These are some of the many types of oral surgeries that carried out by oral surgeons. We now look at some of the specific problems that call for oral surgery.
Dental implant is usually done by our dental oral surgeon. Before we look at how the dental implant is carried out, we need to understand what necessitates it in the first place. Dental implants are provided to replace the natural tooth following tooth loss. Tooth loss may have occurred as a result of an accident. Cosmetic dentistry is usually required so as to restore teeth. The implants are actually meant to strengthen the artificial teeth. Once the oral surgeon determines that you have enough bone density, then the implant will be fitted in the jawbone to stabilize the artificial teeth.
This has been established as a facial trauma problem affecting the jaws. It is located in front of the ear at the point where the skull and the lower jaw converge. TMJ is a joint pain which causes headache and pain in the face as a result of facial trauma.
Jaws usually experience some problems. One of them is the uneven growth such that eating. This calls for corrective surgery so as to move part or the whole jaw to a new position so that the jaw can be able to function normally. Dentures may fail to fit into the mouth due to flaws in the jaws. As such, an operation may be required to correct the anomaly. This may be as a result of loss of bone in the mouth, such that the supporting bone is not strong enough to hold the dentures in place. One of the things done to bring new bone is bone grafting from other parts of the body such as the legs.
Our oral surgeons are experienced in treatment of other conditions such as cleft lip and cleft palate treatment, infections in the face, sleep apnea, and oral cancer among a plethora of oral complications. Talk to us today and you will learn more about diagnosis.